The entire time the Moon has been sitting up there, quietly orbiting Earth, it turns out it's actually been doing something incredible. Something that could help teach us about the early Universe.

Off its rocky surface, the Moon reflects radio waves emitted by our home galaxy, the Milky Way. And now astronomers have detected them.

The signal was picked up by researchers from the Curtin University node of the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR) and the ARC Centre of Excellence for All Sky Astrophysics in 3 Dimensions (ASTRO 3D). But even though that's cool enough, it's not the end goal.

Their target is something much more elusive: they want to detect the extremely faint signal emanating from the hydrogen in the very earliest days of the Universe, in the time between the Big Bang and the Epoch of Reionisation (EoR), when the Universe's lights switched on.

"Before there were stars and galaxies, the Universe was pretty much just hydrogen, floating around in space," said astronomer Benjamin McKinley.

"Since there are no sources of the optical light visible to our eyes, this early stage of the Universe is known as the 'cosmic dark ages'."

The instrument the team are using is a low-frequency radio telescope called the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA), in the desert of Western Australia. Consisting of 2,048 dipole antennas, it's one of the best tools in the world for trying to understand the early Universe.

Its low frequency range of 80-300 MHz, astronomers hope, will be able to detect the radio signal emanating from the hydrogen atoms prior to the EoR.

"If we can detect this radio signal it will tell us whether our theories about the evolution of the Universe are correct," McKinley noted.

But that signal is incredibly faint, especially compared to all the other radio signals that have since filled the Universe.

One possible solution is to measure the average brightness of the radio sky - but this can't be done using standard techniques, since interferometers aren't sensitive to a global average that doesn't vary.

So this is where the Moon comes in. Radio waves can't actually pass through the Moon - which is the reason why it's difficult to communicate with astronauts on the Moon's far side, and also why scientists think it would be an amazing idea to put a radio telescope back there, where it wouldn't encounter interference from terrestrial radio emissions.

The flip side of that is that the Moon occults the radio sky behind it. So the research team leveraged this property to measure the average brightness of the patch of sky surrounding it.

This is not a new idea, but the team also employed a more sophisticated method of dealing with 'earthshine', the radio emissions from Earth that bounce off the Moon and interfere with the signal received by the telescope.

Then, after calculating earthshine, they also had to establish how much interference was being caused by the galaxy itself.

To create the incredible image of the Milky Way's galactic plane reflected off the Moon, the team put together data sets. The first was the MWA's lunar observations. The second was a Global Sky Model - a map of diffuse galactic radio emission - published in 2008.

Using ray-tracing and computer modeling, they were able to map the Global Sky Model onto the face of the Moon, and work out the average radio brightness of the galaxy's reflected radio waves.

So, yes - that's a generated image, not an exact representation of the MWA data, which you can see in the picture below. The dark patch in the middle is the Moon.

So did they detect the EoR? Well, not yet. This research was early groundwork to establish the efficacy of the technique. And it's looking pretty good so far.

"Our initial results using the lunar occultation technique are promising. We are beginning to understand the errors and spectral features present in our data and will continue to refine our techniques," the researchers wrote in their paper, but they noted there's much more work ahead.

"Future progress depends upon processing more data and further refining our techniques to effectively model foreground and reflected emission within our frequency range. The reflective behaviour of the Moon at low frequencies is not well studied and this will require particular attention. We must also develop techniques to break the degeneracy between the sky temperature and the Moon temperature in our fitting procedure."
Scientists from Hawaii have found two tiny baby octopuses floating on plastic trash they were cleaning up as they monitored coral reefs.

Scientists believe these tiny octopuses are either day octopus or night octopus, both of which are commonly found off Hawaii.

They can grow to 12 pounds (5.4 kilograms) as adults, with arm spans of 3 feet (1 metre).

Marine ecologist Sallie Beavers of Kaloko-Honokohau (KAH-loh-koh Hoh-noh-KOH-how) National Historical Park said that the octopuses were the size of green peas.

Scientists found them months ago, but the US Interior Department highlighted them this week when it posted a photo of one on social media.

Ms Beavers says one squirted a tiny bit of ink when they released it in the ocean.

'During a surface break from coral reef monitoring our Marine Biologists noticed something small when they picked up several items of floating plastic marine debris', a spokesperson wrote on the Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park Hawaii Facebook page.

'This beautiful little octopus was found among the debris.

'On there next dive, our Geoscientists in Parks intern Ashley Pugh released the octopus safe and sound in a small protected space'.

Octopuses are believed to be highly intelligent, more so than any other kind of invertebrates.

The creatures have been known to break out of aquariums and into others in search of food, and they have even boarded fishing boats and opened holds to eat crabs stored inside.

They are the only invertebrate which has been shown to use tools, with some species, as pictured above right, retrieving discarded coconut shells and reassembling them to use as shelter.

In laboratory experiments they can be readily trained to distinguish between different shapes and patterns. In several widely contested studies, they have even been shown to practise observational learning.
Warmer weather conditions in western Greece have led to the eerie spectacle of a 300m-long spider-web in Aitoliko.

Experts say it is a seasonal phenomenon, caused by Tetragnatha spiders, which can build large nests for mating. An increase in the mosquito population is also thought to have contributed to the rise in the number of spiders.

Maria Chatzaki, professor of molecular biology and genetics at Democritus University of Thrace, Greece said high temperatures, sufficient humidity and food created the ideal conditions for the species to reproduce in large numbers.

She said:

"It's as if the spiders are taking advantage of these conditions and are having a kind of a party. They mate, they reproduce and provide a whole new generation."

"These spiders are not dangerous for humans and will not cause any damage to the area's flora. The spiders will have their party and will soon die."

How many times have you wished a smarter person was leaning over your shoulder whispering the right answer in your ear? As I think about some of my own situations, a better response would have meant the difference between success and failure, whether its landing a job, going on a date, pitching an investment, or simply convincing a child its time to go to bed.

With the emergence of interactive voice technology, and its growing reservoir of analytical skills, one of the hottest technologies in the future will be a self-learning AI bot or agent that serves as our daily coach and advisor on life’s journey. If you can imagine a portable version of Alexa or Siri with an IQ of 200 and the conversational skills of your favorite talk show host, you’re getting a glimpse of what lies ahead.

We’re on the edge of a radical transformation where, very soon, we won’t be able to tell where the human ends and technology begins. This intermeshing of mind, body, and technology will become so seamless and invisible that we essentially “become one with the tech.”

On the surface this sounds like George Orwell’s worst nightmare, a totally frightening proposition where our first instinct is fear, fear of the machines taking over. In the back of our minds we have a deep fear of loosing control or having something hijacking our minds and assuming control. After all, isn’t this what Hollywood has been warning us about?

Yes, there’s always a potential for things to go wrong, but adding intelligent agents to our life could have an enormously positive impact.

Smart Agent Scenarios

As I thinking through the possibilities, I would like to step you through a series of scenarios, showing how this type of technology will amp up our capabilities so most of us can complete the work of 3-4 people during a typical day.

For AI to become truly useful, we need to have complete trust that it has our best interest at heart. We can accept its advice or ignore it, but the choice will be ours.

The day begins with my personal AI agent, named Finley, guiding me through every task during my daily journey.

Every morning begins with that first waking moment in the bedroom. Unless there is something urgent on my schedule, Finley will wait to wake me up when he knows I’ve had enough sleep.

Through a system of constantly probing the subconscious, Finley will adjust sleep patterns and learn to calm my mind to optimize rest. Since Finley is in constant learning mode, every adjustment used to silence the inner head drama will be quickly assessed and tweaked and re-tweaked until each night becomes a deep immersion into a perfect state of rest.

Naturally, resting my mind is only part of the answer and Finley will also have the ability to change variables in every room to compensate for new sources of anxiety and stress by altering air chemistry, adding oxygen when needed, controlling light-levels and even the spectrum of light, adjusting background music, and creating rocking motions and surface vibrations as needed.

Finley’s goal each day is to have me functioning at peak efficiency, and his approach will change, as each new day requires an entirely new operational strategy. For those new to adding their own AI agent to their life, it won’t take long for agents like Finley to get to know me better than I know myself.

Throughout the day, my conversations with Finley become a central part of who I am and how I manage each task in order of importance.

Even simple routines, like taking a shower, will have Finley adjusting the water to the perfect temperature, fine-tuning the spray to stimulate sore muscles, dispensing optimal amounts of soap, shampoo, and conditioners, and even making recommendations about those products when I’m shopping.

When it comes to getting dressed, Finley will help me select the color and style of clothing that will best mesh with the people I’m scheduled to meet and the kind of activities I have in store. Every day Finley will reassess my wardrobe, shoes, and fashion accessories. Purchasing new items will be as simple as looking through a list of Finley’s recommendations and making the selection.

Planning breakfast, as with every meal, will be as simple or as complicated as I wish to make it. Finley knows which ingredients I have on hand, knows how my body will react to each of them, and will suggest meals that can optimize my daily performance. If I prefer to dine out, he will suggest restaurants, possible delivery options, and which friends and acquaintances may be close by to join me as a way of turning it into a social experience.

Finley, the Ultimate Work Buddy

Commuting to work will be as simple as saying, “Finley, can you find me a ride to work?” Whether it’s an Uber, driverless car, or a brother-in-law who’s not working, he will know which option will work best.

To be sure, Finley will come with a number of interface options beyond its standard voice commands. Users will be able to select from a wide range of input-output devices like watches, touch bands, and keyboards on the input side, and a variety of displays, visual overlays, skin-tinglers, and sensory alert mechanisms as output choices.

Finley will come in an assortment of shapes and forms, and most people will want to humanize his presence. Options will include switching from male to female, adding a personality package with a voice and face on a screen, or perhaps an animated head with an expression module, templated smells, sounds, or little “oh-oh” tones when he knows you’re doing something risky. But over time each agent will gravitate towards the persona of your perfect non-human partner.

As ways to enhance the standard “voice in my head,” he can shift forms and move into a standalone robot offering a more physical presence, a talking portrait on a wall, or even take the form of animatronic shoes that I wear to impress my friends. As I step onto an elevator, enter a car, or walk into a boardroom, he will automatically work with each of the available devices, pushing information to nearby displays, asking me to slip on a VR/AR headset, or mentioning nearby controllers to add to the experience.

Every work-related situation will enable me to leverage Finley differently:

  • In a retail setting, Finley will help facilitate payments, do inventory crosschecks, and recommend other products to boost sales.
  • For maintenance positions, he will know which tools I’ll need, pull up diagrams of how pieces fit together, do point-to-point measurements, and recommend which approach will be fastest and most effective.
  • In an HR position, he will remind me about topics to cover with each candidate, warn me if I’m saying or doing something inappropriate, and prompt me to discuss new policies, practices, and procedures.
  • If I’m a computer programmer, Finley will remind me of formatting issues, propose the best possible algorithm for each situation, select readily available routines from online libraries, and even test each segment of code before I move on.

In so many ways, Finley is my sounding board, my ally, my protector, my strategy partner, and my confidant. At the same time, he’s not intended to replace my need to be around other people. Rather, part of Finley’s core programming will be to improve my social life, knowing the right time and place for every interaction, and solving a variety of concerns before they ever become a real issue.

Even people with mental health issues will have the ability to improve, as this type of AI agent will calm their emotions and help them make decisions. Once they are able to master their own daily routine, they will have the ability to develop additional skills and, in many cases, even find meaningful work.

Since with humans, every action comes with a certain amount of risk, Finley will have a way of knowing my goals for the day and steering me through the daily minefield, letting me know instantly when I’m teetering on the edge of something catastrophic.

Over time, Finley will become an expert on me, knowing when something is off, or if I’m not feeling well. As AI agents improve, they will have the ability to diagnose diseases, understand the limitations of every injury, and guide us through wellness routines that will keep us physically fit and mentally alert. In the case of illness, he will recommend treatment options, medicines, therapies, or whatever may be appropriate.

As my protector, Finley is constantly evaluating every person, object, vehicle, and animal entering my space. In this capacity, he is assessing danger, knowing if something got added to my drink, studying patterns, calculating proximities, and searching for anything that can possibly go wrong.

Will AI Make Me Lazy?

If you’re worried about an AI agent doing all the work and making us lazy, you’re not alone. It would appear that much of our daily struggle is removed and, at least on the surface, life appears too easy.

However, my sense is that these types of enhancements will set the stage for an entirely new level of engagement. We will learn to reevaluate our capabilities through the lens of an entirely new caliber individual, and our expectations will grow with every accomplishment.

Writing papers, filling out forms, creating illustrations, handling correspondence, and verbal communication will all be handled in a fraction of the time it took before. With all of the drudgery out of the way, our mind will be feed up to focus on higher order tasks such as situational analysis, devising new strategies, finding new approaches, and adding creative elements to every deliverable.

Rather than becoming lazy, a more likely outcome will be the unleashing of my true inner self, the super-me waiting to reveal itself. In just a matter of weeks we will likely accomplish 3-4 times as much as we did before.

A particularly uncommon menu from Titanic’s doomed maiden voyage to New York is up for public sale within the U.Okay. this weekend.

The First Class menu is from the primary dinner on the ship after she departed Southampton, U.Okay. on April 10, 1912.

“It illustrates the lavish and opulent culinary delights for First Class passengers with a complete of over twenty completely different choices for dinner,” explains public sale home Henry Aldridge & Son, in an announcement.

The menu was despatched by First Class Steward Charles Casswell to his spouse, Hilda, when Titanic picked up passengers in Cobh, Eire, on April 12, 1912. At the moment, Cobh was referred to as Queenstown.

Titanic hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. ship’s time on April 14, 1912, and sank simply over two hours later with the lack of greater than 1,500 lives. Caswell perished within the catastrophe.

The menu, which has a pre-sale estimate of $65,351 to $78,421, will probably be auctioned on Saturday. Different Titanic artifacts within the sale embrace a poster promoting third class tariffs on the ship’s return voyage from New York to Europe and a pair of brass lifeboat plaques from the liner.

One other Titanic menu, one from the primary meal ever served on the ill-fated ocean liner, went up for public sale this previous April.

Greater than 100 years after the Titanic’s sinking, the catastrophe continues to be a supply of fascination.

Final 12 months a sea-stained letter recovered from the physique of a Titanic sufferer was bought at public sale for $166,000.

In 2016, the sextant utilized by the captain of rescue ship Carpathia bought for just below $97,000. A 12 months earlier, a cup offered to the captain by Titanic survivor Molly Brown to the Carpathia captain bought for $200,000.

It’s long been thought that dogs have a “sixth sense.” They have abilities that we certainly don’t possess, like having about 50 times as many olfactory receptors as we do, but they also display some human traits, as well.

Part of their human-like behavior is probably a product of decades of nurture, of bonding with people, living with people and learning to work with people. There are some reactions they have that we probably read into more than we should, but there are other times when their behavior just seems so clear.

Luna is a special little pup whose owners say has a great deal of soul. They were watching “The Lion King” recently when they caught an emotional display that warmed their hearts.

“Anything you feel, I can feel too,” Josh Myers wrote on Facebook on Feb. 19. “So Hannah and I were watching the Lion King while Luna played wildly with her toys.”

“But right as Mufasa falls to his death, she stops and turns to the TV to watch. To see her crying at the TV was the sweetest thing I think I’ve ever seen.

“She even lays down right after Simba lays with his dad….We don’t deserve dogs. ? 4 months old and she’s already showing empathy.”

Luna had an interesting start. Just a little over four months ago, a woman who goes by the name Blake Blamalam on Facebook took in a pregnant rescue pit bull. Shortly after bringing her in, the dog — dubbed “Melon” — gave birth to 12 adorable pups.

“I’m so impressed with this little mama,” Blamalam wrote on Oct. 2018. “She couldn’t be sweeter and her babies are the cutest!”

“She is so tired but still so nurturing. Didn’t expect to be fostering a dog that would give birth to 12 puppies in my home but I’m happy to have given her a place she felt safe enough to do so. You can bet I’ll be spoiling this little family while looking for loving homes for them. Mission Fort Tiny Fluffs will be initiated soon.”

Apparently, when the puppies were old enough to be adopted, Josh Myers and Hannah Huddleston saw a post shared by a friend who was helping get the word out about Melon’s adoptable puppies, which is how they ended up with their beloved Luna.

When they posted the video of Luna watching the movie, Blamalam responded saying she was taking after her mother.

“Oh my!” she commented. “Well I did say that her pups were famous ❤️ her mom also responds to the tv, I swear these babies are all going to be rockstars.”

“All thanks to you!” Huddleston replied. “We wouldn’t have Luna if you decided to not bring Melon home. We weren’t actively looking for a pup, just stumbled upon a post that Liza Greever shared. ?”

“Luna says thank you for all the love and support!!” Myers updated fans in a comment on the original video. “She got tons of hugs and kisses after this scene and is much more emotionally stable now hahah. But all this sudden fame has her exhausted ?”
Fox News host Pete Hegseth revealed on Sunday that he doesn't wash his hands because 'germs are not a real thing.'

The shocking revelation came after Fox & Friends co-host Jedediah Bila told how  Hegseth had been eating leftover pizza that had been sitting around on the set for the last day. 

'Pizza Hut lasts for a long time,' Hegseth replied, justifying himself.

He later took to Twitter to explain that his big admission was a joke.

'My 2019 resolution is to say things on air that I say off air.

'I don't think I've washed my hands for ten years. Really, I don't really wash my hands ever.'

'I inoculate myself,' he continued.

'Germs are not a real thing. I can't see them. Therefore, they're not real.'

Hegseth then took his rant even further arguing his unsanitary habits gave him an immunity against sickness.

'These hands look pretty clean to me,' he remarked.

Hegseth's thinking is at-odds with science which has long confirmed that germs, and microbes live almost everywhere: on food, animals, and plants, in the air, and in soil and water and on people's hands.

Hand-washing is one of the easiest and most effective ways to protect from germs and most infections in order to stay disease-free.

It also prevents passing infections and viruses on to other people.